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The costs of climate change: a study of cholera in Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Trærup, Sara L. M.
dc.contributor.author Ortiz, Ramon A.
dc.contributor.author Markandya, Anil
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-19T12:15:20Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-19T12:15:20Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.issn 1660-4601
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/172
dc.description www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph en_GB
dc.description.abstract Increased temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns as a result of climate change are widely recognized to entail potentially serious consequences for human health, including an increased risk of diarrheal diseases. This study integrates historical data on temperature and rainfall with the burden of disease from cholera in Tanzania and uses socioeconomic data to control for the impacts of general development on the risk of cholera. The results show a significant relationship between temperature and the incidence of cholera. For a 1 degree Celsius temperature increase the initial relative risk of cholera increases by 15 to 29 percent. Based on the modeling results, we project the number and costs of additional cases of cholera that can be attributed to climate change by 2030 in Tanzania for a 1 and 2 degree increase in temperatures, respectively. The total costs of cholera attributable to climate change are shown to be in the range of 0.32 to 1.4 percent of GDP in Tanzania 2030. The results provide useful insights into national-level estimates of the implications of climate change on the health sector and offer information which can feed into both national and international debates on financing and planning adaptation. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;8, 4386-4405
dc.subject climate change en_GB
dc.subject health impacts en_GB
dc.subject climate change impacts en_GB
dc.subject cholera en_GB
dc.subject adaptation costs en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.subject climate change adaptation en_GB
dc.title The costs of climate change: a study of cholera in Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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