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Local Knowledge on the Influence of land use/cover changes and conservation threats on Avian community in the Kilombero Wetlands, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Ntongani, W. A.
dc.contributor.author More, S. R.
dc.contributor.author Kashaigili, J. J.
dc.contributor.author Munishi, P. K. T.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-31T12:37:19Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-31T12:37:19Z
dc.date.issued 2014-09
dc.identifier.citation Ntongani, W.A., Munishi, P.K.T., More, S.R. and Kashaigili, J.J. (2014) Local Knowledge on the Influ- ence of Land Use/Cover Changes and Conservation Threats on Avian Community in the Kilombero Wetlands, Tanzania. Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 723-731. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oje.2014.412062 en_GB
dc.identifier.other http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oje.2014.412062
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/386
dc.description.abstract Local knowledge of the history and ecology of wetland ecosystems is very useful in wetland re- sources management, especially when other historical ecological information is not available and can be integrated with scientific knowledge to introduce better management of resources. The aims of this paper were to assess existing local knowledge on land use/cover changes in the Ki- lombero wetlands, thereafter investigate local knowledge on its effect on avian population in the wetland and identify factors influencing local knowledge on such changes in the study area. Ran- dom sampling was used to obtain representative sample population for this study. Structured questionnaire and focus group discussions were used to extract information from local people in six villages. Study results from multi-response analysis showed that natural forests had been con- verted into cropland and bushed grassland, grassland to crop land, grassland to grazed land, for- est to settlement and grassland to settlement. Land use change was singled out as primary cause of decrease in avian community in the wetland. Threats to the conservation of avian species were identified as livestock grazing, drought, use of poison, traps and bush meat hunting for food. Age and education level were seen as determinants of household’s knowledge on the ecological changes. This pool of existing knowledge is important among wetland users and stakeholders in order to generate conservation strategies of the wetland ecosystem. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship Norwegian Programme for Development, Research and Education (NUFU) program through the project NUFU-TZ 2007/10229, en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Scientific Research en_GB
dc.subject Local knowledge en_GB
dc.subject Wetlands en_GB
dc.subject Conservation en_GB
dc.subject Avian en_GB
dc.subject Land use en_GB
dc.title Local Knowledge on the Influence of land use/cover changes and conservation threats on Avian community in the Kilombero Wetlands, Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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