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Agro-pastoral coping strategies to climate change and variability in Ilemela and Magu districts

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dc.contributor.author Laswai, E.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-04T08:25:13Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-04T08:25:13Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Laswai, E. (2014). Agro-pastoral coping strategies to climate change and variability in Ilemela and Magu districts. Morogoro: Sokoine University of Agriculture. en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/488
dc.description Masters Thesis en_GB
dc.description.abstract Effects of climate change vary across regions, farming systems, households and individuals. Agro-pastoralists, through experimentation over time, have developed different strategies to cope with climate change and variability. In Ilemela and Magu Districts, little has been done in evaluating coping strategies developed to address the impacts of climate variability to agro-pastoralism and the socio-economic factors influencing their coping capacity. This study therefore highlighted on the coping strategies that agro-pastoralists in the two districts are employing to counteract the effects of climate change and variability. Data were collected through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews using questionnaire which was administered to 120 households in selected villages. Analysis was through descriptive statistics, multinomial logistic regression model, complemented with the time-series analysis of annual and seasonal climatic values. The results of analysis indicated that households were aware of climate variability and mentioned increase in unpredictability of rainfall patterns, decline in natural forest cover, disappearance of some species, increase in temperature and incidences of droughts leading to drying-up of some rivers and springs as indicators of climate change. The available coping strategies included migration (87%), diversification of activities (78%), splitting herds (55%), making boreholes (50%) and using tap water (65%). The socio-economic factors that significantly influenced the adaptive capacity (p<0.05) were herd size, number of years lived and age of the head of household as they had a significance level of 0.032, 0.047 and 0.011, respectively. The study recommends a need for appropriate interventions ensuring management of rangeland and water availability so as to improve livestock productivity. Socio-economic factors spotted can be a determining factor in upgrading and introduction of more advanced technologies and strategies. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship Lake Victoria Research (VicRes) Program en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_GB
dc.subject Coping strategies en_GB
dc.subject Socio-economic factors en_GB
dc.subject Ilemela district en_GB
dc.subject Magu district en_GB
dc.subject Climate change en_GB
dc.subject Climate variability en_GB
dc.subject Agro-pastoralism en_GB
dc.title Agro-pastoral coping strategies to climate change and variability in Ilemela and Magu districts en_GB
dc.type Thesis en_GB

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