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Long-Term Solar Activity and Its Implications to the Heliosphere, Geomagnetic Activity, and the Earth’s Climate

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dc.contributor.author Mursula, K.
dc.contributor.author Manoharan, P.
dc.contributor.author Nandy, D.
dc.contributor.author Tanskanen, E.
dc.contributor.author Verronen, P.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-12-13T06:59:12Z
dc.date.available 2013-12-13T06:59:12Z
dc.date.issued 2013-04
dc.identifier.citation Mursula K, Manoharan P, Nandy D, Tanskanen E & Verronen P. (2013). Long-term solar activity and its implications to the heliosphere, geomagnetic activity, and the Earth’s climate. Journal of Space Weather Space Climate., 2013, 3, A21. en_GB
dc.identifier.other DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2013043
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/240
dc.description This article is available at http://www.edpsciences.org/ en_GB
dc.description.abstract The Sun’s long-term magnetic variability is the primary driver of space climate. This variability is manifested not only in the longobserved and dramatic change of magnetic fields on the solar surface, but also in the changing solar radiative output across all wavelengths. The Sun’s magnetic variability also modulates the particulate and magnetic fluxes in the heliosphere, which determine the interplanetary conditions and impose significant electromagnetic forces and effects upon planetary atmospheres. All these effects due to the changing solar magnetic fields are also relevant for planetary climates, including the climate of the Earth. The ultimate cause of solar variability, at time scales much shorter than stellar evolutionary time scales, i.e., at decadal to centennial and, maybe, even millennial or longer scales, has its origin in the solar dynamo mechanism. Therefore, in order to better understand the origin of space climate, one must analyze different proxies of solar magnetic variability and develop models of the solar dynamo mechanism that correctly produce the observed properties of the magnetic fields. This Preface summarizes the most important findings of the papers of this Special Issue, most of which were presented in the Space Climate-4 Symposium organized in 2011 in Goa, India. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher EDP Sciences en_GB
dc.subject Space Climate en_GB
dc.subject solar activity en_GB
dc.subject heliosphere en_GB
dc.subject space weather en_GB
dc.subject climate change en_GB
dc.subject climate en_GB
dc.subject Sun’s magnetic variability en_GB
dc.title Long-Term Solar Activity and Its Implications to the Heliosphere, Geomagnetic Activity, and the Earth’s Climate en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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