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Human impact on the headwater environment in the Uporoto Highlands, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Sokoni, Cosmas H.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-22T01:04:11Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-22T01:04:11Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11
dc.identifier.citation Sokoni, Cosmas H. (2014). Human impact on the headwater environment in the Uporoto Highlands, Tanzania. Journal of the Geographical Association of Tanzania, Vol. 35: 53-64. en_GB
dc.identifier.issn 0016-738X
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/385
dc.description.abstract Headwater catchments are often perceived to be remote and peripheral, and are therefore neglected, least developed and economically backward. However, changes in headwater regions have repercussions far beyond their borders. The Uporoto highlands in Mbeya region form the headwater region for the Ruaha River and Kiwira River drainage systems that are of great significance to Tanzania. Village settlements development, population growth, and poor land management along the water divide have contributed to gully erosion that is a potential hazard. Using a case of Igoma, the largest village settlement in the region, this paper establishes the link between settlement growth and degradation of headwater catchments. It discusses the opportunities and hazards of the gullies to the local communities. The paper further draws lessons for rural settlement development, and gives recommendations for minimizing the negative impacts of degradation of the headwater environment. Lastly, it creates awareness on the apparently neglected potential environmental hazards in the Uporoto Highlands. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Geographical Association of Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam en_GB
dc.subject Environment en_GB
dc.subject Uporoto Highlands en_GB
dc.subject Headwater management en_GB
dc.subject Gully erosion en_GB
dc.subject Mountain settlements and highlands en_GB
dc.subject Kiwira river drainage systems en_GB
dc.subject Mbeya en_GB
dc.subject Ruaha river en_GB
dc.subject Degradation en_GB
dc.title Human impact on the headwater environment in the Uporoto Highlands, Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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