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Adaptation of feed-in tariff or remote mini-grids: Tanzania as an illustrative case

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dc.contributor.author Moner-Girona, M.
dc.contributor.author Ghanadan, R.
dc.contributor.author Solano-Peralta, M.
dc.contributor.author Kougias, I.
dc.contributor.author Bódis, K.
dc.contributor.author Huld, T.
dc.contributor.author Szabó, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-25T13:14:02Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-25T13:14:02Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-24
dc.identifier.citation Moner-Girona, M. et al. (2015). Adaptation of feed-in tariff for remote mini-grids:Tanzania as an illustrative case. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 53:306–318. en_GB
dc.identifier.issn DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.055
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/480
dc.description Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.055 en_GB
dc.description.abstract Following the successful Feed-in Tariffs (FiTs) system worldwide, few countries have implemented FiTs explicitly tailored for off-grid or mini-grid systems.This study takes an integrated approach to examine the feasibility of an off-grid Feed-in Tariff (off-FiT) for existing and new remote mini-grids in Tanzania, using a combination of geographical analysis, technical, economic and institutional assessments. Based on detailed modelling of two community off-grid cases, (i) PV-diesel and (ii) mini-hydro,we identify least-cost rural electrification options that makes solar and mini-hydro energy competitive with diesel generators and potential effect of the supports chemeon rural electrification plans.In the first case,we illustrate where the off-FiT complements diesel generation of an existing mini-grid (PV-diesel).In the second case(mini-hydro),we illustrate conditions where the off-FiT policy brings mini-hydro generation to non-electrified communities and sells renewable electricity directly to new customers. Currently,Tanzania has Standardized Power Purchase (SPP) rates,which target generators connected to the national grid and distribution systems of mini-grid sor isolated grids. We found forth eoff-FiT tariff the total amount needed to support the same number of customers by solar and hydro-mini grids versus diesel would be of 31.5millionUS$, or a premium of 0.11US$/kWh to the present current SPP stariff of 0.24 US$/kWh for PV. We also found that ta technology specific FiT tariff would be most suitable to attract national and international investors by providing a rate of return that compensates the risk of the investment.The overall support is comparable to the 36 million US$ that the government currently subsidizes and allocates to diesel mini-grids in country, and this shows the potential for a long-term renewable energy strategy for mini-grid areas. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Elsevier en_GB
dc.subject Energy policy en_GB
dc.subject Rural electrification en_GB
dc.subject Renewable energy en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.subject Feed-inTariffs en_GB
dc.subject Renewable electricity en_GB
dc.title Adaptation of feed-in tariff or remote mini-grids: Tanzania as an illustrative case en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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